Muscle, tendon and ligament problems

Achilles Tendonitis

What is Achilles tendonitis? The Achilles tendon is located on the back of the ankle. It is the largest tendon in the human body, serving to connect large calf muscles to the back of the heel bone. Since this tendon pulls such large muscles, it is prone to stress due to high activity, such as running and jumping. A common condition in the Achilles tendon is called Achilles tendonitis, which...

Adult Flatfoot

Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction is one of several terms to describe a painful, progressive flatfoot deformity in adults. Other terms include posterior tibial tendon insufficiency and adult acquired flatfoot.The term adult acquired flatfoot is more appropriate because it allows a broader recognition of causative factors, not only limited to the posterior tibial tendon, an event where...

Heel pain, Heel Spurs and Plantar Fasciitis

A common foot complaint is pain in the bottom of the heel. This is often referred to as heel spurs or plantar fasciitis. It commonly is painful the first few steps in the morning or after rest. It tends to get worse the longer one stands during the day. It is caused by subtle changes in foot structure that occurs over time. These changes result in the gradual flattening of the arch. As this...

Plantar Fibromatosis

Within the arch of the foot, firm, nodular masses may form. These can occur as a single mass or in clusters. They are called plantar fibromas and are a non-cancerous tumor that forms within a ligament in the arch of the foot called the plantar fascia. Frequently, they will slowly enlarge causing pain while walking. Their cause cannot always be determined. Damage to the ligament will cause their...

Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction

Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction is one of several terms to describe a painful, progressive flatfoot deformity in adults. Other terms include posterior tibial tendon insufficiency and adult acquired flatfoot.The term adult acquired flatfoot is more appropriate because it allows a broader recognition of causative factors, not only limited to the posterior tibial tendon, an event where the...

Tendinitis

What is Tendinitis?Tendinitis is the inflammation of a tendon. Tendons are thick cords of tissue that connect muscles to bone.Achilles tendinitis, or an inflammation of the Achilles tendon, is one of the most common causes of foot or ankle pain. Other types of foot/ankle tendinitis include posterior tibial tendinitis and peroneal tendinitis.CausesTendinitis can result from an...