Foot disorders starting with S

Sesamoiditis

Sesamoid bones are commonly found in and around joints. While sesamoid bones can be found around any joint in the foot, they are consistently found within the joint of the great toe. The great toe joint contains 2 sesamoid bones, the tibial and fibular sesamoids.The sesamoids serve 2 very important functions based on their location: 1) they serve to protect the large tendon to the great toe,...

Shockwave Therapy

Kansas City Foot Specialists pride themselves on offering advanced technologies to improve patient care and treatment results. Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy, or ECSWT, is a non-surgical alternative for the treatment of chronic heel pain due to plantar fasciitis. In the past, when conservative therapy was not effective, surgical release of the plantar fascial ligament was the treatment of...

Skin cancer and other lesions

Malignant Melanoma Pigmented lesions should always be inspected and observed. Most pigmented areas are nothing but freckles and moles. However a potentially deadly pigmented lesion that can occur on the foot and lower extremity is Malignant Melanoma. A physician should evaluate any pigmented lesion that suddenly occurs or a pigmented lesion that starts to change its appearance. These changes...

Sprains, Strains & Fractures

What is a Foot or Ankle Sprain or Fracture?The feet and ankles work together to provide support and mobility to the body. A foot or ankle sprain is a soft tissue injury. Most often, a sprain occurs when an injury pulls, stretches, or tears the ligaments that connect bone to bone. A fracture is actually a break in the bone.CausesInjuries are the most common causes of foot and ankle...

Subungual Exostosis (Bone Spur Under Toenail)

A subungual exostosis is a bony prominence that can occur under the toenail. They generally are a result of some form of trauma to the toe that results in the formation of bony irregularity or prominence. When they are symptomatic, removal of the spur is the treatment of choice. Additionally other small tumors called osteochondromas and enchondroma can also form in the bone beneath the toenail...

Surgery

When is Foot Surgery Necessary? Many foot problems do not respond to “conservative” management. Your podiatrist can determine when surgical intervention may be helpful. Often when pain or deformity persists, surgery may be appropriate to alleviate discomfort or to restore the function of your foot. Types of Foot Surgery Fusions: Fusions are usually performed to treat arthritic...

Surgery of Hindfoot and Ankle Deformities

Hindfoot and ankle deformity may result in decreased activity levels, inability to maintain meaningful employment, inability to walk or difficulty getting through activities of daily living. These severe deformities are often the result of previous trauma, congenital birth defects, acquired from degenerative changes throughout the course of one’s adult life or may be secondary to systemic...

Surgical Correction of Hallux Hammertoe

The big toe, called the Hallux, is made up of two small bones called phalanges. This condition presents as a cocking up of the big toe at the joint between these two small bones. In the early stages of the condition the deformity is flexible, in later stages the deformity becomes rigid. It is caused by a variety conditions. Neurological diseases that cause muscle weakness or muscle imbalance in...

Surgical Correction of Tailors Bunion Deformity

The surgical correction of a tailor's bunion deformity is closely related to the surgical correction of bunion deformity about the big toe. A tailor's bunion is the enlargement of the outside of the foot just behind the little toe. Behind each toe is a long bone in the foot. These bones are called metatarsals and numbered one through five with the fifth metatarsal being behind the little toe....

Surgical Correction/Arthritis in the Big Toe Joint

Hallux limitus is a reduction in the ability to dorsiflex or move the big toe upward. This inability to move the big toe normally affects the way a person walks and runs. Eventually pain will develop in the joint behind the great toe. This joint is called the first metatarsophalangeal joint. This pain is due to an irritation of the joint capsule and/or destructive changes to the joint surfaces....

Surgical Excision of Plantar Fibromas

A fibroma is a benign fibrous tissue tumor or growth, that can occur anywhere in the body, for example in the uterus they're called fibroids. On the plantar, or bottom surface of the foot, they are called plantar fibromas. Unlike plantar warts, which grow on the skin, these grow deep inside on a thick fibrous band called the plantar fascia. When non-surgical measures for treating plantar...

Surgical Excision of the Ganglion

The definitive treatment for a ganglion mass is surgical excision. The surgical excision of a ganglion can be performed under a local anesthesia, intravenous anesthesia or a general anesthesia. It is generally performed in an outpatient surgery center. Under some circumstances the procedure may be performed in the physicians office. Following administration of anesthesia an incision is placed...

Sweaty Feet, Hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis, or excessive sweating, can be localized to one area or it may be generalized. In the localized type, the most common sites are the palms and soles of the feet. The cause of the excessive sweating is not well understood. There is an emotional component to it in some but not all cases. The excessive moisture contributes to athlete's foot and plantar wart infections. There are no...