Foot disorders starting with P

Pain in the Ball of a Child's Foot

What causes pain in the ball of a child’s foot? Sudden development of pain in the ball of a child’s foot may be a condition related to damage to the growth plate near the second metatarsal bone. Known as Freiberg’s Disease, this damage is likely the result of an injury to this area of the foot. This damage can cause loss of blood flow to the growth plate, which leads to the sudden...

Pain in the Heel of a Child's Foot

What causes heel pain in a child’s foot? The sudden development of pain in the heel of a child’s or adolescent’s foot is usually related to an injury to the growth plate of a bone located near the heel. This condition is called Sever’s disease. Another condition that behaves similarly to Sever’s disease is Achilles tendonitis — an inflammation of the tendon at the back of the...

Pediatric Flatfoot

What is pediatric flatfoot? When the inside border of a foot is flatter than normal, this is considered a flatfoot. People with flatfeet usually develop the condition in childhood and sometimes grow into having normal arches. In many cases though, the flatfoot remains and may require supportive shoes or custom orthotics to prevent the development of worse conditions. Diagnosing pediatric...

Peripheral Arterial Disease

What Is PAD?PAD is short for Peripheral Arterial Disease. PAD is caused by a blockage or narrowing of the arteries in the legs when fatty deposits called plaque buildup. The buildup of plaque causes the arteries to harden and narrow, which is called atherosclerosis. This results in a reduction of blood flow to the legs and feet. This is commonly referred to as poor circulation.PAD...

Peripheral Neuropathy

What is Peripheral Neuropathy?Peripheral neuropathy is damage of the peripheral nerves. Your peripheral nerves—the nerves in your toes and fingertips—are the ones on the periphery of your body. When the nerves are damaged, they don't function properly. People with peripheral neuropathy have decreased or abnormal sensation in their toes and fingers. Sometimes, they develop problems...

Plantar Fascial Release

Heel pain is caused by the excessive pull of a ligament in the arch of the foot called the plantar fascia. Generally the pain can be treated successfully without the need for surgery. However there are instances where non-surgical treatment of heel pain may fail and surgery may be necessary. Very often, the patient with heel pain will demonstrate a heel spur on an x-ray. In the past, many of...

Plantar Fibromatosis

Within the arch of the foot, firm, nodular masses may form. These can occur as a single mass or in clusters. They are called plantar fibromas and are a non-cancerous tumor that forms within a ligament in the arch of the foot called the plantar fascia. Frequently, they will slowly enlarge causing pain while walking. Their cause cannot always be determined. Damage to the ligament will cause their...

Plantar Warts

What is a plantar wart? A plantar wart is a wart that occurs on the toes or the sole of the foot. Plantar warts are caused by the verruca vulgaris virus, a common viral infection of the skin. You can get warts anywhere on your body, but when they are on the bottom of your feet, they’re called plantar warts because the bottom of your foot is known as the plantar section. This condition is...

Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction

Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction is one of several terms to describe a painful, progressive flatfoot deformity in adults. Other terms include posterior tibial tendon insufficiency and adult acquired flatfoot.The term adult acquired flatfoot is more appropriate because it allows a broader recognition of causative factors, not only limited to the posterior tibial tendon, an event where the...

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a common, chronic, and recurrent inflammatory disease of the skin. It is characterized by round, reddish, dry scaling patches covered by grayish white or silvery white scales. The lesions have a predilection for the nails, scalp, elbows, shins and feet. On the feet, it can be difficult to distinguish it from athlete's foot, and the nail appearance may be confused with fungal...