Foot disorders starting with C

Charcot Joint Disease

Charcot joint disease was given its name by the French neurologist Jean-Marie Charcot in 1868. He noted a bizarre pattern of bone destruction in patients with tertiary syphilis and absent sensation. In 1936, William Jordan described a similar pattern in patients with diabetes. Theories as to the cause of the Charcot joint disease abound. However, certain predisposing factors appear to be...

Cocked Up Big Toe (Hallux Hammertoe)

The big toe, called the Hallux, is made up of two small bones called phalanges. This condition presents as a cocking up of the big toe at the joint between these two small bones. In the early stages of the condition the deformity is flexible, in later stages the deformity becomes rigid. It is caused by a variety conditions. Neurological diseases that cause muscle weakness or muscle imbalance in...

Common Digital Deformities

It’s not uncommon to see deformities in the toes of children. Typically, these conditions are inherited from the one of the parents. Digital deformities in children rarely resolve themselves, and they often grow worse over time without treatment. Younger children and infants usually won’t notice deformities because symptoms rarely show until the children are more mature, but parents may...

Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are areas of thick skin that result form excessive pressure or friction over a boney prominence. When these areas develop on the bottom of the foot they are called calluses. When they occur on the top of the toes they are called corns. They can also occur between the toes, the back of the heels and the top of the foot. The thickening of the skin is a normal body response to...