Foot disorders starting with B

Black Toenails

What are black toenails? Repeated trauma to the top of the toe can lead to dark or black toenails — a condition known as subungual hematoma. This condition is common among athletes or others who may wear tight shoes, which causes the toes to hit the end of the shoes during activities such as running or hiking. The dark color is the result of bruising under the nail. The toenail may even...

Bunion Surgery - Distal Head Procedures

First metatarsal neck osteotomies are known by various names based on the individual who first described the procedure (e.g. Austin, Reverdin-Green, Kalish-Austin). Regardless of the procedure, the goal of all these procedures is the same, to remove the bump and realign the joint. The first part of all bunion procedures involves removing the bump of bone from the side of the 1st metatarsal...

Bunion Surgery - Overview

The surgical correction of bunions is dependent upon the severity of the deformity, the patient's over-all health and activity level. Age and conditions such as diabetes do not preclude bunion surgery as a form of treatment.There are several different approaches to the surgical correction of bunions. Most commonly, the surgery is performed in the area of the big toe joint. The bony prominence...

Bunion Surgery - Shaft Procedures

Hallux valgus or bunion deformities have may different surgical techniques for their correction. One group of procedures that your surgeon may use is the shaft osteotomies. These osteotomies are different from the head osteotomies and also the procedures performed at the base of the metatarsal or at the metatarsocuneiform joint, because they are performed in the middle of the first...

Bunions

What is a bunion? A bunion is a painful bump on the side of the big toe joint. This is one of the most common conditions treated by podiatrists. It’s often associated with poorly fitted footwear or tight dress shoes and high heels. The bump is located on the side of the first of the long bones (metatarsals) down the inside of the foot, near the big toe. Sometimes, the great toe will overlap...