Foot disorders starting with A

Achilles Tendon Rupture

The Achilles tendon is the large cord like structure on the back of the leg just above the heel. It is the largest tendon in the body and has a tremendous amount of force transmitted through it during walking, running and jumping activities. The Achilles tendon is prone to injury, including rupture during periods of increased stress and activity. Common activities causing injury include...

Achilles Tendonitis

What is Achilles tendonitis? The Achilles tendon is located on the back of the ankle. It is the largest tendon in the human body, serving to connect large calf muscles to the back of the heel bone. Since this tendon pulls such large muscles, it is prone to stress due to high activity, such as running and jumping. A common condition in the Achilles tendon is called Achilles tendonitis, which...

Adult Flatfoot

Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction is one of several terms to describe a painful, progressive flatfoot deformity in adults. Other terms include posterior tibial tendon insufficiency and adult acquired flatfoot.The term adult acquired flatfoot is more appropriate because it allows a broader recognition of causative factors, not only limited to the posterior tibial tendon, an event where...

Ankle Fractures

A fall, an accident, or a hard blow may cause one or more bones in the ankle to fracture or break. Depending on the type of injury, an ankle may fracture in several ways. Spiral fractures may result from twisting injuries. If bone pulls away from bone, the break is often straight. After a bad fall, or a heavy blow, bone may be crushed. Although ankle fractures tend to cause pain, you may be...

Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains are one of the most common joint injuries runners experience. The injury can occur when one rolls over a rock, lands off a curb, or steps in a small hole or crack in the road. Usually the sprain is only mild, but on occasion it may seriously injure the ligaments or tendons surrounding the ankle joint. Management of this injury relies on early and accurate diagnosis, as well as...

Arthritis

What is arthritis? Arthritis is the inflammation and swelling of the lining of joint with damage to the cartilage. Arthritis can be a disabling and even crippling disease that affects nearly 40 million Americans. Risk for arthritis increases with age, but it can affect anyone from infants to those in middle age. Arthritis is most common in Individuals over the age of 50. Arthritis can cause...

Arthritis of the Big Toe Joint

What is arthritis of the big toe joint? Arthritis of the big toe is the result of loss of movement in the toe. When your big toe is completely stiff and you can’t move it at all, it’s known as Hallux Rigidus. If it appears to have motion, except for when you stand or walk on it, it’s known as functional Hallux Limitus. This stiffness and lack of motion can grow into a degenerative type...

Athlete's Foot (Tinea Pedis)

Athlete's foot is caused by a fungal infection of the skin on the foot. The majority of these infections are caused by one of three fungal agents called dermatophytes. Athlete's foot is by far the most common fungal infection of the skin. The infection can be either acute or chronic. The recurrent form of the disease is often associated with fungal-infected toenails. The acute form of the...